Flora and fauna

Flora and fauna

Val Viola Bormina, recognized from 2003 as a Site of Community Importance (SIC), is a natural protected area, belonging to the network Natura 2000 (Directive 1992/43 EC), which aims to ensure the long-end survival of some plant and animal species of European importance.

Val Viola is an area with high natural value and wonderful landscapes, extending for about 6000 hectares, where you can watch as many as 14 natural habitats, thanks to the traditional use of the mountain, which still persist.

The area is particularly rich in wildlife and is home to species that in similar areas are becoming rarer or are even endangered. It houses a total of 62 species of nesting birds, including the Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), the Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus), the Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus), the Black grouse (Tetrao tetrix) and the Rock Partridge (Alectoris graeca saxatilis). The SIC is also populated by 4 species of hoofed animals: deer (Cervus elaphus), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), chamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra) and ibex (Capra ibex).

The floristic diversity of the SCI is high and there are valuable botanical elements; there are more than 400 vascular species that can be observed and 37 of them are considered very rare in the Alps and are internationally protected. Among the species of particular interest are Trientalis europaea, Aquilegia vulgaris, Trichophorum alpinum, Sparganium angustifolium, and Linnea borealis.

Detailed information on the nature reserve area, Natura 2000, the flora within the SIC and excursions are on the website: Val Viola Bormina.